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Gender statistics is the statistics that accurately reflects the real situation of women and men in all policy areas, to identify gender differences and their systematic study.
    Gender statistics applies to all the statistical topics, where data are collected about a person, and include: (1) sex-disaggregated data, (2) statistics reflecting gender issues (gender indicators), and (3) the introduction of gender approaches in all statistical areas.
    The starting point for understanding gender statistics is the difference between the two concepts - sex and gender. Sometimes these categories (sex - male, female; and gender - masculine, feminine) are used as interchangeable notions. Meanwhile, it is not so:
    Sex is term to denote relatively stable biological differences between women and men. Sex as a whole is predestinated, universal and does not change with time.
    Gender is term to denote changeable socio-cultural differences between women and men, roles, behaviors, assigned features and other characteristics that are not «natural», and is dictated by the public ideas on norms and traditions. Ideas of women and men about what is peculiar to women and men can change (and change) over time in different cultures.

Durable international mandate of gender statistics was formulated by the United Nations Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), the Beijing Platform for Action and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
    The CEDAW is the only international agreement in which the rights and interests of women are considered comprehensively and, as such, it is one of the most important mechanisms of accountability. States that have ratified or acceded to the CEDAW have a legal obligation to implement all the provisions of the Convention and report on progress the CEDAW Committee every four years. An important basis for this reporting is gender statistics, and the CEDAW Committee often makes comments on the need for such data to substantiate statements made.
    The importance of gender statistics is emphasized in the international document - the Beijing Platform for Action adopted at the UN Fourth World Conference on Women in 1995. It calls upon organizations of regional, national and international level to regularly collect, analyze and present data disaggregated by sex (as well as age and other factors) to appropriately reflect the situation of women and men in all critical areas and spheres in the formulation of strategies and programs.

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