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The number of the permanent population and the demographic situation indicators are formed on the basis of data provided by the territorial bodies of the Civil Registry Office of the Ministry of Justice and departments of migration and registration of citizenship of territorial departments (divisions) of internal affairs of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

These calculations are made on the basis of methodological provisions in accordance with recommendations of the United Nations (UN).

.Number of resident population

As of 1st January 2017 the number of the resident population of the Republic of Uzbekistan was 32.1 million people and compared to 1991 increased by 11.5 million people or 55.9 percent (Table 1).

Table 1

Number of resident population of the Republic of Uzbekistan

(beginning of year; thsd.)

 

1991

2017

Difference between 2017 and 1991

number

share, %

number

share, %

+,-

%

Population, total

20607,7

100,0

32120,5

100,0

11512,8

155,9

of which:

           

male

10188,0

49,4

16121,0

50,2

5933,0

158,2

female

10419,7

50,6

15999,5

49,8

5579,8

153,6

 

Figure 1

Number of resident population of the Republic of Uzbekistan by sex
(in percentage)

If we consider the history of statistical data on the population of the Republic of Uzbekistan, then in 1926 it was 4.6 million people, in 1939 - 6.3 million people, in 1959 - 8.1 million people, in 1970 – 11.8 million people, in 1979 - 15.4 million people, and in 1989 - 19.8 million people (Figure 2).

Figure 2

Number of resident population of the Republic of Uzbekistan (thsd.)

During this period significant changes in the distribution of the population by place of residence were also marked. So, if in 1926 the share of the urban population was 21.9 percent, then in 1939 this indicator was 23.4 percent, in 1959 - 33.6 percent, in 1970 - 36.6 percent, in 1989 - 40.7 percent and as of 1st January 2017 this figure was 50.6 percent (Figure 3).

Figure 3

Distribution of the population of the Republic of Uzbekistan by place of residence
(in percentage)

There were also changes in the ethnic structure. In 1991 the share of Uzbeks in the total population was 72.8 percent, Karakalpaks - 2.1 percent, Russians - 7.7 percent, Tajiks - 4.8 percent, Kazakhs - 4.1 percent, Tatars - 2.0 percent, Ukrainians - 0.7 percent, and as of 1st January 2017 the share of Uzbeks was 83.8 percent, Karakalpaks - 2.2 percent, Russians - 2.3 percent, Tajiks - 4.8 percent, Kazakhs - 2.5 percent, Tatars - 0.6 percent, and Ukrainians - 0.2 percent (Table 2).

Table 2

Ethnic structure of the Republic of Uzbekistan

(beginning of year; thsd.)

 

1991

2011

2017

number

share, %

number

share, %

number

share, %

Total

20607,7

100,0

29123,4

100,0

32120,5

100,0

of which:

           

Uzbeks

14995,3

72,8

23983,2

82,3

26917,7

83,8

Karakalpaks

431,9

2,1

641,5

2,2

708,8

2,2

Tajik

980,7

4,8

1411,6

4,8

1544,7

4,8

Kazakhs

845,3

4,1

832,7

2,9

803,4

2,5

Russians

1593,8

7,7

837,5

2,9

750,0

2,3

Kyrgyz

182,6

0,9

254,6

0,9

274,4

0,9

Tatars

414,6

2,0

218,6

0,8

195,0

0,6

Turkmens

126,6

0,6

174,7

0,6

192,0

0,6

Koreans

183,7

0,9

188,0

0,6

176,9

0,6

Ukrainians

146,8

0,7

78,2

0,3

70,7

0,2

Others

706,4

3,4

502,8

1,7

486,9

1,5

 

Figure 4

Ethnic structure of the Republic of Uzbekistan
(as of 1st January 2017; in percentage terms)

In 1991-2017 significant changes in the age composition of the population were observed.

For example, in 1991 the population under working age (0-15 years) was 43.1 percent of the total population, at working age (men aged 16-59 years, women - 16-54 years) - 49.1 percent, over working age (men aged 60 years and over, women - 55 years and older) - 7.8 percent.

As of 1st January 2017 this indicator was equal to 30.1 percent, 60.5 percent and 9.4 percent respectively (Table 3).

Table 3

Age composition of resident population

(beginning of year; thsd.)

 

1991

2011

2017

number

share, %

number

share, %

number

share, %

             

Population, total

20607,7

100,0

29123,4

100,0

32120,5

100,0

of which:

           

under working age

8883,7

43,1

9099,3

31,3

9665,7

30,1

at working age

10122,5

49,1

17804,7

61,1

19440,8

60,5

over working age

1601,5

7,8

2219,4

7,6

3014,0

9,4

 

Figure 5

Age composition of resident population of the Republic of Uzbekistan
(in percentage terms)

As compared to 1991 in 2017 the population under working age is declining, the population at working age and over working age is growing (Figure 5).

Figure 6

Age composition of resident population of the Republic of Uzbekistan
(thousands)

 In the republic the average age of the population in 1991 was 23.3 years, in 2017 - 28.5 years, the increase in the average age of the population by 5.2 years is observed.

Figure 7

Average age of resident population by regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan
(as of 1st January 2017; years)

II.Vital statistics

Change in vital statistics is also observed. In 1991, 723.4 thousand children were born, the birth rate per 1000 population was 34.5 per mille, 130.3 thousand people died, the death rate per 1000 population was 6.2 per mille, the natural increase was 593.1 thousand people, and the natural increase rate per 1000 population was 28.3 per mille.

Table 4

The table 4 below provides vital statistics.

Vital statistics of the Republic of Uzbekistan

(thsd. persons)

 

1991

2001

2016

number

per 1000 population

number

per 1000 population

number

per 1000 population

             

Births

723,4

34,5

513,0

20,4

726,2

22,8

Deaths

130,3

6,2

132,5

5,3

154,8

4,9

Natural increase

593,1

28,3

380,5

15,1

571,4

17,9

Marriages, thsd.

270,3

12,9

170,1

6,8

275,0

8,6

Divorces, thsd.

33,3

1,6

15,7

0,6

29,3

0,9

 

Figure 8

Number of births in the Republic of Uzbekistan
(in the year; thsd.persons)

Figure 9

Number of deaths in the Republic of Uzbekistan
(in the year; thsd.persons)

Figure 10

Natural increase of population of the Republic of Uzbekistan
(in the year; thsd.persons)

Figure 11

Vital statistics by regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan
(2016; per 1000 population, per mille)

Births

In 2016, 726.2 children were born in the republic, the birth rate per 1000 population was 22.8 per mille.

Figure 12

Number of births by regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan
(2016; thousands)

Until 2015 the highest birth rate was observed in 1991 – were born 723.4 thousand children. In 1992-2003 the trend of declining birth rates was observed - 508.5 thousand children were born in 2003. In 2004-2015 the trend of increasing birth rates was observed - in 2015 the largest number of children in the history of the republic was born - 734.1 thousand children.

If in the republic in the early 90's the birth rate per 1000 population was equal to 30-35 per mille, then in 1994-1997 this figure was 25-30 per mille, in 1998-2016 - 20-23 per mille.

In addition, in 1991 the total fertility rate, i.e. the number of children born per woman of childbearing age (15-49 years), was 4.2, in subsequent years this figure decreased to 2.5 in 2016 (Figure 13).

Figure 13

Total fertility rate
(number of children born to women aged 15-49 in a whole lifetime)

Deaths

In 2016 154.8 thousand people died in the republic, the death rate per 1000 population was 4.9 per mille.

Figure 14

Number of deaths by regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan
(2016; thousands)

130,3 thousand people died in 1991, 132,5 thousand people in 2001, 143.3 thousand people in 2011, the death rate per 1000 population was 6.2 per mille, 5.3 per mille, 4.9 per mille respectively.

The death rate per 1000 population in 1991-1996 was 6.0-6.6 per mille, in 1997-2008 - 5,0-6,0 per mille, in 2009-2016 - 4.8-4.9 per mille.

In 2016 the death rate was 486.0 per 100,000 population. The following distribution by the causes of death was observed: 291.1 deaths from diseases of the circulatory system, 44.8 from neoplasms, 32.3 from accidents, poisonings and injuries, 28.3 from diseases of the digestive system, 24.5 from respiratory diseases.

The trend of declining maternal mortality was observed and in 1991 the maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 live births was 65.3, in 2000 - 33.1, in 2010 - 21.0, and in 2016 - 17.4 (Figure 15).

Figure 15

Maternal mortality rate
(per 100 000 live births)

In 2016, 7,8 thousand children died under the age of 1 year, the under-one mortality rate per 1,000 live births was 10.7 per mille.

The under-one mortality rate per 1000 live births in 1991 was 35.5 per mille, in 2000 - 18.9 per mille, in 2010 - 11.0 per mille (Figure 16).

Figure 16

Infant and children mortality in the Republic of Uzbekistan
(per 1000 live births; per mille)

The under-one mortality rate per 1000 live births in 2016 was 10.7 per mille - the main causes of death are conditions that occur in the perinatal period - 5.94, respiratory diseases - 2.44, congenital anomalies - 1.11, infectious and parasitic diseases - 0.35, other diseases - 0.84.

In the republic in 2016, 10.1 thousand children died under 5 years of age, the under-five mortality rate per 1000 live births was 14.1 per mille.

In the republic, the under-five mortality rate per 1000 live births in 1991 was 48.2 per mille, in 2000 - 28.5 per mille, in 2010 - 14.8 per mille.

Life expectancy at birth

One of the indicators of the quality of life is the life expectancy at birth. This indicator in the republic in 2016 was 73.8 years (women - 76.2 years, men - 71.4 years) (Figure 17)

Figure 17

Life expectancy at birth in the Republic of Uzbekistan(years)

 Life expectancy at birth have a tendency to increase in recent years, in 1991 this indicator was 66.4 years, in 2000 - 70.8 years, in 2010 - 73.0 years. In the first years of independence, serious reforms began in all areas, including the health sector. In the field of public health the state began to develop and implement a variety of laws, decrees, regulations and programs.

As a result of the measures taken, there was a tendency to reduce mortality, including infant and maternal mortality, which in turn affected the increase in life expectancy at birth.

Marriages and divorces.


In 2016 in the republic 275.0 thousand marriages were registered, the marriage rate per 1000 population was 8.6 per mille (Figure 18).

Figure 18

Marriages and divorces rates in the Republic of Uzbekistan
(per 1000 population, per mille)

In the 2000s, the average age of girls at first marriage was 21.4 years and in 2016 this indicator increased by 1.2 years and was 22.6 years.

In the 2000s, the average age of boys at first marriage was 24.2 years and in 2016 this indicator increased by 1.8 years and was 26.0 years (Figure 19).

Figure 19

Average age at first marriage (years)

In 2016, 29,3 thousand divorces were registered in the republic, which is 0,3 thousand less than in the previous year. The divorce rate per 1000 population was 0.9 per mille.

In 1991, 33.3 thousand divorces were registered, the divorce rate per 1,000 population was 1.6 per mille. A tendency of reducing divorces in subsequent years was observed, in 2013 the growth began again.

III. Administrative-territorial units

As of 1st January 2017 there are 168 districts, 119 cities (republican subordination - 2, regional subordination - 24 and district subordination - 93), 1081 urban settlements, 1468 rural gatherings of citizens, 10998 rural settlements and 8207 mahallya gatherings of citizens.

The territory of the republic is 448.97 thousand square kilometers, the density of the population per 1 sq. km is 71.5 people.

Figure 20

Population density by regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan
(as of 1st January 2017; persons per square km)

Information service

 Information service of the Goskomstat

Tugmani bosing Tinglash