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 In 2016, for the development of the economy and social sphere of the Republic of Uzbekistan, 49770.6 billion soums of investments in fixed assets (in dollar equivalent of USD 16782.3 million) or 107.7 percent compared to the level of 2015 were utilized by organizations of all ownership forms. The volume of investments in fixed assets increased by 4.2 times in comparison with 1991, by 5.4 times compared to 2000, by 4.3 times compared to 2005, and 170.1% compared to 2010.

Figure 1

The share of investments in fixed assets in GDP in 2016 was 25.0 percent and increased by 0.6 percentage points compared to the previous year, (18.8 percent in 1991, 22.9 percent in 2000, 19.9 percent in 2005, 24.6 percent in 2010, and 24.4 percent in 2015).

Figure 2

 

Figure 3

 In 2016, about 62.0 percent of all investments in fixed assets were utilized in Tashkent city, Kashkadarya, Bukhara, Tashkent regions and the Republic of Karakalpakstan (20.5 percent, 14.2 percent, 11.6 percent, 8.0 percent and 7.5 percent respectively of all investments).

The greatest investment activity was recorded in the territory of Surkhandarya, Bukhara regions, Tashkent city and Navoi region (1.1-1.5 times more than in 2015).

Compared to the previous year, the volume of investments in fixed assets decreased by 12.6 - 44.0 percent in the territory of the Tashkent region and the Republic of Karakalpakstan.

Investments in fixed capital per capita in the Republic of Uzbekistan for 2016 amounted to UZS 1562.8 thousand or 105.8% to the level of 2015.

Figure 4

Figure 5

Figure 6

 Leading positions in the volume of investments in fixed capital per capita in 2016 were taken by Tashkent city - 4243.4 thousand soums or 131.0 percent to the corresponding period of the previous year, respectively, Bukhara (3146.8 thousand soums or 120. 9 percent), Kashkadarya (2.305.7 thousand soums or 107.6 percent), Navoi (3.043.7 thousand soums or 145.2 percent), Syrdarya regions (1557.3 thousand soums or 106.5 percent).

More than 57 percent of investments in fixed assets are directed to the development of the following types of economic activity: manufacturing - 18.1 percent of the total volume of investments in fixed assets, respectively, mining (14.4 percent), transportation and storage (11.6 percent) , electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (5.4 percent), wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (4.9 percent), education (2.7 percent), human health and social services (2.3 percent), except for all types of activities- investments in housing construction (22.3 percent).

Тable 1

VOLUME OF INVESTMENTS IN FIXED ASSETS BY TYPES OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY

  2015 2016
  billion soums In % of total billion soums In % of total
 Total 41670,5 100 49770,6 100
 Agriculture, forestry and fishing 1375,5 3,3 1646,4 3,3
 Mining 9701,1 23,3 7173,4 14,4
 Manufacturing 5346,2 12,8 8992 18,1
 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 2244,5 5,4 2722,6 5,4
 Water supply, sewerage, collection and recycling 446,6 1,1 717,3 1,4
 Construction 1057,1 2,5 932 1,9
 Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 2028,8 4,9 2459,2 4,9
 Transportation and storage 3739,5 9 5785 11,6
 Accommodation and food service activities 476,3 1,1 929,7 1,9
 Information and communication 985,3 2,4 1098,5 2,2
 Financial and insurance activities 511,4 1,2 345,4 0,7
 Professional, scientific and technical activities 895,4 2,1 501,9 1
 Education 963,7 2,3 1330,6 2,7
 Human health and social services 950,2 2,3 1140,2 2,3
 Art, entertainment and recreation 189,8 0,5 378,9 0,8
 except for all types of activities: investment in housing construction 9116,3 21,9 11081,7 22,3
 Other activities 1642,8 3,9 2535,8 5,1

 

Figure 7

The share of investment in fixed assets compared to 2015 in the manufacturing increased by 5.3 percent of total investment, of them: chemical production (3.9 percent), production of textiles and clothing (1.4 percent), non-metallic mineral products (0.5 percent). Accordingly, investments in the following activities increased: transportation and storage (2.6 percent), housing and accommodation service activities (0.8 percent), water supply, sewerage, collection and recycling (0.3 percent).
The share of investment in the fixed capital of the mining has decreased (by 8.9 percent), of them crude oil and natural gas (7.9 percent); professional, scientific and technical activities (1.1 percent), construction (0.6 percent), financial and insurance activities (0.5 percent), arts, entertainment and recreation (0.3 percent), information and communication (0.2 percent).

Table 2

STRUCTURE OF INVESTMENTS IN THE FIXED ASSETS BY FORMS OF OWNERSHIP

(In % of total)

  2016

For reference

2005 2010 2015
 Investments in fixed assets 100 100 100 100
 Non-state ownership 83,4 69,1 78,2 83,7
 State ownership 16,6 30,9 21,8 16,3

 

 The share of enterprises and organizations of non-state ownership in 2016 accounted for 83.4 percent of investments in fixed assets. This indicator has increased since 2010 by 5.2 percentage points. The main volume of investment was made by enterprises, organizations of economic entities and private ownership - 61.4 percent and accordingly increased by 15.8 percentage points.

Figure 8

Most of the investment in fixed assets in 2016 is aimed at the construction of buildings and facilities, 55.2 percent of the total investment. The share of investments for the development of the active part of fixed assets was 38.3 percent compared to 39.8 percent in 2015, and decreased by 1.5 percentage points, (in 2005 and 2010 by 1.7 percentage points).

Table 3

THE STRUCTURE OF INVESTMENTS IN FIXED ASSETS BY TYPES

 

2016

For reference: (in % of total)
Billion soums In % oftotal
2005 2010 2015
 Investments in fixed assets 49770,6 100 100 100 100
 Including: Dwellings 11126,7 22,4 11,0 15,1 20,3
 buildings (except residential) and facilities 16347,4 32,8 40,0 39,1 31,1
 Machinery, equipment, vehicles 19070,1 38,3 40,0 40,0 39,8
 others 3226,4 6,5 9,0 5,8 8,8

 

 The investments directed on the purchase of machinery, equipment and vehicles are the largest in the following regions: the Republic of Karakalpakstan - 59.2 percent, Navoi region - 57.8 percent, Tashkent city - 55.6 percent and Tashkent region – 52. 3 percent.

Figure 9

Figure 10

2016 from the total volume of investments in fixed assets in the economy 62.5 percent is aimed at new construction of facilities. And 19.9 percent of the total volume of investments in fixed assets was directed to reconstruction of existing facilities, respectively, 0.6 percent for expansion and 17.7 percent for other directions.

Figure 11

The main source of financing investments in fixed assets in 2016 was own funds of enterprises and the population - 53.0 percent, and the share of borrowed funds accounted for 47.0 percent of investments, the own funds of enterprises and the population increased by 4.0 percentage points compared to 2010.
The share of the state budget amounted to 4.5 percent of the total volume of investments in fixed assets and decreased by 1.1 percentage points compared to 2010.
The share of the banking sector and other borrowed funds of the real economy in 2016 amounted to 11.1 percent, which is 0.7 percentage points less than in the previous year.
The share of foreign investment and loans increased by 1.4 percentage points compared to the previous year (21.3 percentage versus 19.9 percentage in 2015).

Investments from the state budget were directed to the implementation of the targeted investment program, the purpose of which was to support the social sphere and life support systems, the development of the infrastructure of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The largest amounts of funds from the state budget in 2016 were directed to development of: Tashkent city (18.4 percent of all investments financed from the state budget), the Syrdarya region (13.6 percent), the Fergana region (12.3 percent), Tashkent region (9.6 percent), Surkhandarya region (7.6 percent), Samarkand region (7.3 percent), Navoi region (6.5 percent).

Table 4

STRUCTURE OF INVESTMENTS IN THE FIXED ASSETS BY SOURCES OF FINANCING

  2016 For reference
billion in % of In % of total
soums total 2005 2010 2015
 Investments in fixed assets- total 49770,6 100 100 100 100
 Including those financed from:          
 State budget 2221,2 4,5 12,3 5,6 4,5
 Enterprises and population 26404,0 53,0 57,4 49,0 52,9
 Bank loans and other borrowed funds 5523,9 11,1 3,8 9,7 11,8
 Foreign investments and credits 10611,4 21,3 21,7 28,3 19,9
 Extrabudgetary funds, including the Fund for Reconstruction and Development, the Fund for Reclamation of Irrigated Lands х х 4,8 7,4 х
 Targeted public funds, including the fund for reconstruction and development of children's sports 5010,1 10,1 х х 10,9

 

 Actually, for the implementation of state target programs in 2016, 2362.6 billion soums were used, 43.3 percent of which was utilized from the fund for reconstruction, overhaul and equipping of general education and medical institutions (1021.7 billion soums); respectively, 37.7 percent through the republican road fund (891.1 billion soums), 11.7 percent through the fund for development of the material and technical base of higher education institutions (276.4 billion soums), 7.3 percent through the fund of reclamation of irrigated lands (173.4 billion soums).

Foreign investments and credits in fixed assets

In 2016, the volume of assimilated foreign investments and loans in fixed assets amounted to 10611.4 billion soums, or 114.5 percent to the level of the previous year (in the dollar equivalent of USD 3 578.1 million ), their share in the total investment amounted to 21,3 percent.

The share of foreign investment and loans in fixed assets in GDP in 2016 was 5.3 percent and increased compared to last year by 0.5 percentage points.

Enterprises with the participation of foreign capital have utilized 6 587.5 billion soums, or 62.1 percent of the total volume of investments from abroad.

The share of foreign direct investment and loans in fixed assets in GDP in 2016 was 3.7%.

Figure 12

As a result of implemented measures to further create a favorable investment climate and increase investment attractiveness, the volume of assimilated foreign direct investment and loans in 2016 increased by 7.5 percent, amounting to 7353.7 billion soums (in the dollar equivalent of 2479.6 million dollars ) or 14.8 percent of total investment volume.

Figure 13

Figure 14

Figure 15

Figure 16

 In 2000, the volume of foreign direct investment and loans amounted to USD 105.2 million or 3.4 percent of total investments in fixed assets, in 2005- USD 422.6 million or 14.9 percent, in 2010- USD 2 454.7 million or 25.3 percent.

The structure of the assimilated foreign investments and credits in the fixed capital for 2016 is characterized by the following data:

Тable 5

  Billion soums In percentage of total volume
under guarantee of direct
the government and others
 Total 10611,4 30,7 69,3
 including:      
 state 1536,4 76,4 23,6
 Non-state 9075,0 23,0 77,0

 

 The share of direct foreign investments and credits of the non-state sector of the economy in the total volume of foreign investments and loans in the Republic of Uzbekistan for 2016 amounted to 77.0 percentage.

The largest volumes of foreign investments and loans of the non-state sector of the economy were used in the territories of the Bukhara region - 29.2 percentage (of the total volume of foreign investments and credits), Kashkadarya region - 18.9 percentages, the Republic of Karakalpakstan - 15.9 percentages and Tashkent city - 14.3 percentages.

Table 6

VOLUME OF FOREIGN INVESTMENTS AND CREDITS IN FIXED ASSETS BY INDIVIDUAL TYPE OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

  2015 2016
  Billion soums In % of total Billion soums In % of
total
 Total 8309,5 100 10611,4 100
 agriculture, forestry and fishing 64,8 0,8 171,8 1,6
 
 Mining 4350,9 52,4 3296,6 31,1
 Manufacturing 469,6 5,8 2905,4 27,4
 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1119,1 13,5 1306,3 12,3
 Water supply, sewerage, collection and recycling 144,1 1,7 318,8 3,0
 Transportation and storage 1088,0 13,1 1390,9 13,1
 Information and communication 620,7 7,5 761,3 7,2
 Human health and social services 62,9 0,8 182,9 1,7
 Other activities 389,4 4,4 277,4 2,6

 

 Significant volumes of foreign investments and credits in 2016 are utilized by the following types of economic activity: extraction of crude oil and natural gas - 31.0 percent of total foreign investment and loans; chemical production (15.8 percent); transportation and storage (13.1 percent); electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (12.3 percent); information and communication (7.2 per cent); production of textiles and clothing (4.7 percent); water supply, sewerage, collection and recycling (3.0 percent).

The utilization of foreign investments and credits in certain types of economic activity is characterized by the following data:

Figure 17

In the reproduction structure, due to the foreign investments and credits, new construction and expansion increased by 9.6 percent compared to the corresponding period of 2015, their share in the total volume of foreign investments and credits was 80.5 percent.

Significant volumes of foreign investments and loans for new construction and expansion have been utilized in the Republic of Karakalpakstan (96.6 percent of total foreign investments and credits), Kashkadarya region (89.8 percent), Namangan region (87.8 percent), Tashkent region (87.1 percent), the Bukhara region (83.6 percent) and the Syrdarya (79.6 percent) region.

The implementation of an active investment policy aimed at modernization, technical and technological renewal of production, through the timely commissioning of modern high-tech production facilities and transport and communication infrastructure, contributed to the growth of the volume of capital investments in 2016 by 7.7 percent, as well as construction works by 10.2 percent.

In 2016, construction works worth 30231.4 billion soums were made, of which small contracting organizations and microfirms fulfilled work for a total amount of 9034.1 billion soums or 115.6 percentages to the level of 2015.

Figure 18

Figure 19

Significant volumes of construction work on small contracting organizations and microfirms were carried out in the following regions: Tashkent city - 1509.2 billion soums, or 114.0 percent to the level of 2015, respectively, Kashkadarya region - 927.1 billion soums (129.6 %), the Fergana region - 922.5 billion soums (115.8%), the Samarkand region - 726.4 billion soums (118.1%), Surkhandarya region - 598.2 billion soums (119.9%), and the Tashkent region and - 455.2 billion soums (148.1 percent).

Of the total construction work, 79.6 percent accounted for new construction, reconstruction, expansion and technical re-equipment of enterprises, 20.4 percent accounted for capital repairs, maintenance and other contract work.

Figure 20

 In 2016, 86.5 thousand houses or 92.9 thousand apartments with a total area of ​​12.7 million square meters were commissioned. (105.6 percent to the level of 2015), respectively, in rural areas 9.0 million square meters (105.7 percent).
Of these, in accordance with the Program for the construction of affordable residential houses in rural areas in 2016, construction of 13,4 thousand houses with a total area of ​​1.9 million square meters was completed.

2 494.9 km of water pipelines (2 002.8 km in rural areas) and 312.4 km of gas networks (212.1 km in rural areas) were set in operation in communal construction, which amounted to 94.4% and 87.8% compared to 2015. The rural area accounts for 92.7 percent of the installed water supply and 87.1 percent of the gas networks.

Within the framework of the Investment Program, the following production capacities were commissioned in 2016:"Expansion of the Talimarjan TPP with the construction of two steam-gas plants with a capacity of 450 MW", "Construction of an 130-150 MW power unit at Angren TPP with heat separating steam for high-ash coal burning", "upgrade of Sharqiy Berdak and Shimoliy Berdak with the construction of the DKS "," Expansion of the cement plant in the Jizzakh region ","Construction of a new smelting furnace at the copper smelter plant"," Involvement in the development of off-balance rock refuse of the Kalmakyr minefield in JSC “OMMC”, "The organization of serial production of passenger cars of the model "T-250"at JSC "GM Uzbekistan", "Construction of the electrified railway line Angren-Pop", "Renewal and unification of the aircraft fleet of the NAC "Uzbekistan Airways" (supply of two Boeing-787 aircraft) "," Organization of spinning production at “Indorama Kokand textile” LLC (Stage IV) "and" Organization of spinning production at FE "Fanteks" LLC in Bulokbosh district of Andijan region , "Construction of the Meylisay mine" and "Construction of a water supply system for industrial water and desalination plant at GMZ-3", organization of production of polyethylene film and pipes at JSC "Jizzakh plastic", organization of production of insulating products from fiberglass and a wide range of wiring and electrical products in FIZ "Jizzakh" and others.

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