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Retail trade

According to the analysis, an increase in the living standards of the population influences the retail trade turnover.

In particular, the trade turnover increased by 4.8 times as compared with 2005, and by 2.3 times as compared with 2010, in 2016 the trade turnover amounted to 88071.6 billion soums and increased by 14.4 percent compared to 2015.

In addition, currently the number of legal entities engaged in the retail trade is more than 34.4 thousand units; the trade turnover of 3850 enterprises is more than 1 billion soums.

Figure 1

The share of food products in the retail trade turnover is 48.5 percent and that of non-food products - 51.5 percent. In 2000, this share was 60.5 and 39.5 percent respectively.

In 2016, in comparison with 2000, the share of food products decreased by 12.0 percent, while that of non-food products increased.

As a result, in comparison with 2000, the volume of food products increased by 4.3 times, and that of non-food products - by 9.7 times.

Figure 2

It is observed that the increase in the turnover of non-food products was influenced by an increase in demand for cars, tobacco products, gasoline and compressed gas.

Regions with high shares of trade turnover, such as Tashkent city (21.9 percent), Tashkent region (10.5 percent), Fergana region (8.7 percent) and Samarkand region (8.6 percent) had a positive influence on the increase in the retail trade. Conversely, regions with low shares of trade turnover: Syrdarya region (1.8 percent), Djizhak region (3.3 percent), Khorezm region (3.8 percent) and the Republic of Karakalpakstan (3.3 percent) had a negative influence.

Figure 3

Share of retail trade turnover by regions
(in percentage terms)


 

Also, the high growth rates were influenced by the sale of meat, including poultry meat and meat products (8.0 percent of total retail trade turnover), pharmaceuticals (4.3 percent), cars (4.2 percent), fruit, fruit processing products (3.7 percent), alcoholic beverages (3.1 percent), vegetables (2.8 percent), motor gasoline (2.7 percent) and compressed natural gas (2.2 percent).

At the same time, there is a decrease in retail trade turnover of large enterprises by 8.3 percent in comparison with 2015.

Their share of total trade turnover in 2000 was 25.4 percent, in 2005 - 11.8 percent, and by 2016 - 10.4 percent.

Accelerated development of small business is also a key element in the industry.

In particular, the retail trade turnover of small businesses increased 4.9-fold by 2005, 2.4-fold by 2010, by the end of 2016, the volume of retail trade turnover amounted to 78935.6 billion soums, which is 17.8 percent more compared with 2015.

The share of small business in the retail trade turnover also increased from 74.6 percent in 2000 to 88.2 percent in 2005, to 85.1 percent in 2010, to 87.1 percent in 2015 and in 2016 it reached 89.6 percent.

Figure 4

Trade turnover and share of small business

Currently, due to consistently implemented measures to continuously improve social protection, the population is growing, its incomes, salaries and pensions have increased, and as a result, the demand for food and non-food products has changed, and the volume of retail trade turnover has increased.

The analysis of the retail trade of food products shows that in 2016 as compared to 2000, the sales of eggs grew up 19.3 times, confectionery - 8.2 times, milk and dairy products - 4.6 times, vegetable oil - 2.9 times and meat and meat products - 2.7 times.

Table 1

Commodity structure of retail trade turnover in the Republic of Uzbekistan, basic food products
(billion soums)

Name of products

2000

2005

2010

2015

2016

2016 to 2000, in %

Meat and meat products

214,6

759,7

2 201,0

6 803,9

6 823,7

2,7 t.

Milk and dairy products

22,5

58,8

203,3

478,1

547,0

4,6 t.

Eggs

13,8

13,8

266,5

999,1

1 092,6

19,3 t.

Vegetables

80,9

251,2

803,4

2 202,9

2 405,3

83,0

Potatoes

43,2

101,8

249,4

784,2

889,3

121,7

Confectionery

36,8

82,2

455,1

1 403,5

1 733,4

8,2 t.

Fruit, watermelons and melons

97,1

237,8

1 149,9

2 923,7

3 140,0

163,5

Vegetable oil

49,8

99,6

370,9

781,7

911,6

2,9 t.

 

Retail trade turnover per capita in 2016 was 2765.4 thousand soums, or 12.4 percent more than in 2015. Retail turnover per capita grew in 4.8 times compared with 2000, 3.9 times compared with 2005, 2.0 times compared with 2010.

Figure 5

Retail trade turnover per capita, including catering facilities
(thousand soums)

In the structure of retail trade turnover per capita in 2016 the share of food products was 48.5 percent and that of non-food products - 51.5 percent (in 2000 - 60.5 and 39.5 percent respectively).

Figure 6

Structure of retail trade turnover
(in percentage terms)

In 2016 the leading position in retail trade turnover per capita was occupied by Tashkent city (7998.4 thousand soums, or 13.0 percent compared to the corresponding period of the previous year), the Republic of Karakalpakstan occupied the lowest position (1635.2 thousand soums, or 12.4 percent).

Figure 7

According to the analysis, from 2000 to 2016, 60 thousand retail facilities were commissioned, and their total number increased up to 114.3 thousand. Of the total number of retail facilities, about 42 thousand (36.4 percent) are located in the rural area.

Figure 8

Number of retail trade facilities
(thousand units)

Figure 9

Number of trade facilities per 10 000 population in the Republic of Uzbekistan

The largest number of retail facilities is in the city of Tashkent (19.4 thousand), the smallest one - in Syrdarya region (3.5 thousand).

Figure 10

Share of trade facilities by region
(in percentage terms)

There are also more than 11.6 thousand catering establishments, of which 2000 are in the rural area.

In 2016 an increase in the trade turnover of catering establishments by 2.6 trillion soums (26.4 percent compared to 2015) is observed. The share of trade turnover of catering establishments in the total volume of retail trade turnover was 3.0 percent.

According to calculations, it is possible to observe an increase in the trade turnover of catering establishments by 5 times in comparison with 2000.

Figure 11

Trade turnover of catering facilities

The share of non-state ownership in the structure of trade turnover of catering establishments increased in 2016 to 97.6 percent against 86.2 percent in 2000.

Table 2

Trade turnover of catering establishments in 2000-2016 in the Republic of Uzbekistan

Name of indicator

2000

2005

2010

2015

2016

Trade turnover of catering establishments, bln. soums

52,9

141,5

573,3

1969,5

2608,0

Growth rate to corresponding period of previous year, in %

117,8

98,8

119,9

115,4

126,4

Trade turnover of catering establishments by forms of ownership,
in %

100,0

100,0

100,0

100,0

100,0

State

13,8

10,8

2,4

3,9

3,3

Non-state

86,2

89,2

97,6

96,1

96,7

 

Wholesale trade

In 2016, the number of legal entities engaged in wholesale trade exceeded 11.9 thousand. Trade turnover exceeding more than 1 billion soums was registered in 3773 organizations.

Wholesale trade in the republic amounted to 38.3 trillion soums, there is an increase of 16.5 percent compared to 2015.

The share of large enterprises in wholesale trade amounted to 33.9 percent, that of small businesses and microfirms - 66.1 percent.

In the structure of wholesale trade turnover, the share of food products was 21.3 percent (8152.3 billion soums), that of non-food products - 78.7 percent (30149.7 billion soums).

Figure 12

Wholesale trade turnover
(in percentage terms)

Regions with high shares of trade turnover, such as: Tashkent city (45.2 percent of total trade turnover), Tashkent region (12.3 percent), and Samarkand region (8.2 percent) had a positive impact on the increase in volumes of wholesale trade. Conversely, the regions with a low share of trade turnover: Djizhak region and Navoi region (1.6 percent), Khorezm region (2.0 percent) and the Republic of Karakalpakstan (2.1 percent) had a negative impact.

Figure 13

Share of wholesale trade turnover by regions
(in percentage terms)

Information service

 Information service of the Goskomstat

Tugmani bosing Tinglash