The population of the Republic of Uzbekistan (as of January 1, 2016 – 31575.3 thousand persons) takes the17th place among the Asian countries and the 42d place among the countries of the world.
The territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan (448.97 thousand km2) occupies the 55th place among the countries of the world
The territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan stretches 1425 km from the West to the East and 930 km from the North to the South.
In the North and North-East the Republic of Uzbekistan borders on Kazakhstan, in the East and South-East - on Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, in the West - on Turkmenistan, in the South - on Afghanistan.
The length of the borders of the Republic of Uzbekistan with Kazakhstan - 2203 km, Kyrgyzstan -1099 km, Tajikistan -1161 km, Turkmenistan -1621 km, and Afghanistan -137 km.
There are 11 countries in the world, the population of which exceeds 100 million persons. About 4.3 billion persons live in these countries.
Among the regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan the most number of people lives in Samarkand region - 3583.9 thousand (01.01.2016).
Plains occupy the most territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan (about four-fifths of the territory). One of the main plains is the Turanian plain. The spurs of the Tien Shan and Pamir mountains are located in the East and North-East of the country, the highest point of the country reaches 4643 meters.
In the north of the central part of the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan there is one of the largest deserts in the world - the Kyzylkum Desert, in the West - the Karakum desert.